Located in the Northern territory of Australia, Kakadu National Park covers an area of 19,804 km2 making it the largest National Park in Australia. From North to South and from East to West it stretches a distance of approximately 200km and 100 km respectively. The name of the park is derived from Aborigine ethnic community that lived in the Northern part of the park for more than 40,000 years and the archaeological sites demonstrate the Aboriginal occupation.
Apart from the usual Flora and Fauna in most of the World’s National parks, Kakadu National park has more to offer making it unique.
Aboriginal rock art
Aboriginal rock art dates back 20,000 years, and is one of the World’s longest historical records for any group of people. Art can be seen at ancient rock art galleries including Ubirr and Nourlangie. The art sites at Ubirr, 39km from the Kakadu township of Jabiru, can be reached via an easy one kilometer circular walking track. Nourlangie Rock Art Walk past an ancient Aboriginal shelter and outstanding art sites.
There are several waterfalls at Kakadu National Park. The most spectacular ones are the Twin Falls and Jim Jim Falls. At the base of the falls, you will find white sandy beaches and cool water. They both offer breathtaking and popular swimming spots.
More than 70 mammal species, have been recorded in the park. Open forest and woodlands inhabits most of them and are nocturnal, making it difficult to see them. Others, such as wallabies and kangaroos are active in the cooler parts of the day and are easier to see.
Among the larger more common species are dingoes, antilopine kangaroos, black wallaroos, agile wallabys, and short-eared rock wallabys.
More than 280 bird species have been recorded in the park. This translates to 33% of Australia’s birds’ species. Some of the birds found in the park include; Gouldian finch, red goshawk, partridge pigeon, chestnut-backed button-quail, hooded parrot and rainbow pitta. Most of these birds’ species are the brink of extinction.
Kakadu National park is also home to over 50 freshwater species, 117 species of reptiles, over 10,000 insect species and over 1,600 plant species.